How to Properly Build a Well Water System

well water systems syracuse ny

By Fred Cores

Proper Location is just one of the many logistical facets to consider when installing a well water system.

But proper construction is just as important, if not more so than the location of the well. Neither location nor construction can be ignored when building a well to your water supply, and if you want to have a successful well installation, both have to be executed with care and professional training.

The materials and labor you use to build your well should be of the highest quality you can attain. This is not the time to pinch pennies and try and get work done on the cheap. Without proper personnel and materials you could be risking contamination, improper wells which need repair or redress to use.

Professionals to the Rescue – DIY home renovation and repair has exploded in popularity in recent years. Thanks to large-scale retailers of home goods such as Home Depot, Menards, and Lowe’s, people are attempting to do more of the repair work around their home than ever before. However, you cannot trust the planning, and construction of a well to any person not thoroughly experienced in such endeavors.

Most states have some regulatory agency regarding the safety and uniform regulation of wells, and those regulations have to be met. Like any construction project, you might be expected to obtain a permit, and you will most certainly have to specify what professional is going to do the installation.

Professionals will be able to do the work you need with the right tools. It’s important that the well be built correctly for the safety and comfort of any using it.

An approved well cap or seal shall be installed at the top of the well casing to prevent any contamination from entering the well at the surface. A well vent is required. The well vent pipe shall be at least 1/2 inch in diameter, 8 inches above the finished grade, and be turned down, with the opening screened with a minimum 24-mesh durable screen to prevent entry of insects.

Only approved well casing material meeting the requirements of the local regulatory agency may be utilized. To prevent contamination, the annular space between the drill hole and the well casing shall be grouted below a “pit less” adapter or unit in accordance with the any applicable regulators.

These are simply a few of the many steps involved in well construction. However, if you found yourself scratching your head at some of the materials you’re not alone. Be sure you have solid plans and solid personnel when you decide to build your home well.

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Does your water taste odd? Do you need well water pump or treatment services? For all water treatment services “Look No Further, Look to Amber Pump & Water Treatment, LLC” Call 315 636-8211 or 315 727-4644 Bryan Wolf in the Syracuse, New York area & CNY residential and commercial service.
Well Water Treatment

If Your Building a New Home, Well Water May Be a More Appealing Option Than Municipal Water

By Fred Cores

Wells were once the only solution for getting a regular water supply to homes too far to be plugged into the closest water infrastructure available. But as people are beginning to take a renewed interest in self-sufficiency measures like gardens and solar energy generation, wells are beginning to be seen as a great way to deliver fresh, clean water to an entire household.

The freshness and cleanliness of the water in the main supplies that feed most urban areas is certainly questionable nowadays. There are many good reasons to have a well installed in your home, and this article will help enumerate some of the best reasons to stop living off of tap and start living well.

Wells are Cleaner – Wells are sources of water that have never before been used. The water that wells draw is fresh water that has come from an underground source, or from some nearby water source. This means that it is much cleaner and more hygienic than the water that comes from the main supply or from the local infrastructure.

Water supplies in major metropolitan areas have some major contamination issues that seem to be increasingly problematic. While it’s true there was more refuse and garbage in the American Great Lakes in the 70’s and 80’s, there are more kinds of troubling contaminants found today.

Wells Eventually Equal Free Water – While it isn’t free to have a well installed, it does mean that you no longer have to pay a water utility, which over time could save hundreds or thousands of dollars if you have a well-constructed well. These savings at least mean that over time a well comes to cost nothing, which is a fairly reasonable price for a high amount of clean and fresh water, delivered on demand.

Wells can be Customized-Well water can be customized in order to make sure that there are no troubling mineral elements or other undesirable elements. Water can also be softened and purified, allowing you to deliver the quality of water you demand into your home every day. It’s not feasible or practical to give consumers the same ability to purify water off of the same line, and though water treatment is available, it’s more expensive and less effective than treating fresh well water.

There are plenty of great reasons to trust your water supply to a well. You’ll always know what’s in your drinking water, and you’ll never rely on the city to supply your water. As long as your well is maintained properly you can rest assured that you water will be safe and plentiful.

Keeping your well properly maintained is the first step in ensuring that your family’s water is safe.

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Does your water taste odd? Do you need well water pump or treatment services? For all water treatment services “Look No Further, Look to Amber Pump & Water Treatment, LLC” Call 315 636-8211 or 315 727-4644 Bryan Wolf in the Syracuse, New York area & CNY residential and commercial service.
Well Water Treatment

Facts About Water Well Pumps/Submersible Pump Vs Jet Pump – 3 Tips That Will Convince You To Make The Change!

By Marsha Lends

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If you reside in the city you do not really care about where to get potable water because water comes to you. However, if you dare to reside outside the city where you do not only grow crops yourself but you also need to look for potable water, then you might begin to wonder. Whether you are in the city or in the countryside the method of acquiring water from the ground is more or less the same. How? Water is brought up to the surface from the water table using water well pumps like jet pumps or submersible pumps.

However, the most common type of water well pump is the jet pump. A jet pump is typically mounted on a wall near the water source like a well. It raises water off the ground using a suction. How is the suction created? It is created with a centrifugal pump or a motor driven impeller. Water is then sucked from the well through the narrow opening of the pump or the jet. As the water is leaving the jet, a partial vacuum is then created to suck more water from the well. The water goes up through a series of tubes and then through the plumbing system.

A jet pump is ideal for shallow wells. This is often used if you live in an area where the water table is high. Unfortunately, if you live in an area where the water table is rather deep you may need to use a different kind of pump called the submersible pump. Unlike the jet pump that lifts water, the submersible pump pushes the water up.

A submersible pump is a long and cylindrical. Half of the pump is a sealed motor pump, which is then connected to an external power source and is controlled by a number of wires. The other half is made up of impellers stacked one over the other. These impellers move up and down thus pushing the water up to the surface.


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By Jennifer Delisio Drake

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Here is some quick background info on the function of the submersible and jet pump.


The submersible pump and jet pump are both used to pump water from a well. The jet pump, either shallow or deep well, is used above ground. It uses an impeller and diffuser to vacuum out water into a pipe. If it is a shallow pump its ejector is above ground whereas the deep well ejector is submerged. The submersible pump is submerged in water near the bottom of your well. It uses existing pressure to push water to come to the surface and go into your home. Depending on the yield of your well and the needs of your water usage (household or industrial etc.) you might be faced with making a decision between jet pump or submersible pump.

My first tip involves saving time. The submersible pump saves you time because it is self-primed. A jet pump whether shallow or deep well (convertible) needs to be primed. It can be tricky because you have to get water into the jet pump without any air. This can take several attempts! A jet pump can also stop working because it has lost its prime. You may have to then get donor water from another source (like really nice neighbors) and replace the valves which are frequently to blame for loss of prime. This pump also will not build prime if there is an obstruction in nozzle, or the package or a leak on the suction side of the pump. Remember water for the submersible pump is right there conveniently at the pump itself. It goes to work immediately after you drop it in. Pushing the water to the surface effortlessly maintaining pressure and saving you installation and prep time!

My second tip involves saving energy. The submersible pump saves energy because it makes pressure 30% faster than the jet pump. The submersible pump is also saving energy by not having to fight gravity and atmospheric pressure like the jet pump does (and its not so quiet doing it ). This fight can create a high elevation between pump and water surface. This circumstance can cause cavitation which is serious damage to our jet pump. It can also cause overheating and surges which are both dangerous and costly. Remember jet pumps are limited to 1 1/2 hp for a given hp and flow rates of around 10 gpm at a depth of 50 feet. Submersible pumps caters to your water needs on demand regardless of how large the well is. That means more water for higher demand like garden ponds, sprinkler systems, horticulture, industrial and business pumping, just to name a few.

My third tip involves saving money. The submersible pump has a sealed motor and pump. It is practically maintenance free. The jet pump does not have a sealed motor or pump therefore, it can have corrosion inside the pump caused by fluid. There also can be leakage along the rotating shaft. The wear of the impeller can also be affected by suspended solids. These problems can be quite costly to repair. Not to mention the cost of the electricity running it. You can expect the initial cost of the submersible pump to be higher (gpm/hp factors in) but the life expectancy is longer than any other pump. One reason might be the cooler well water its submerged in protects the motor and its parts from higher temperatures. The submersibles also have a water inlet induction port at the lower end of the motor that cools it. In the long run, the submersible pump is an investment that will save you money.


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Does your water taste odd? Do you need well water pump or treatment services? For all water treatment services “Look No Further, Look to Amber Pump & Water Treatment, LLC” Call 315 636-8211 or 315 727-4644 Bryan Wolf in the Syracuse, New York area & CNY residential and commercial service.
Well Water Treatment

Well Water – Maintenance and Protection

By John Yazo

Well water is water that is beneath the earths surface that fills void spaces between sediment particles, and bedrock fractures. When precipitation falls to the grounds surface, it infiltrates the soil, if the soil conditions permit, this moisture will eventually percolate its way into the ground to the zone of saturation, or aquifer.

Private home owner wells are not currently regulated by the U.S.Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). As a private well owner, you have the responsibility for the quality of your water, along with the responsibility for wellhead protection, maintenance and testing. Therefore individual private well owners do not benefit from the public health safeguards that are put in place to protect and regularly test public water supplies.

Even though it may not seem important, you should understand the basics of the private water supply system that you own and provides your home with the water you use to properly maintain it. Many problems that occur, including pollution of a well, happen because of the lack of knowledge or understanding on how a well water supply system works.

The basic information you should know is, First, the location of the well, its depth, depth that pump is set at if submersible, and the water line location that runs from the well to the house. Second, the type of well, is it a dug well, driven well, or a drilled well, and third, the components that makeup the water system inside the house, on/off switch, electrical breaker or fuse, and pressure tank. All this information is very important in maintaining and protecting your well, along with the proper care and use of your water supply.

Water is needed for all types of life to survive, and is the one thing that is mostly taken for granted in life because it is and has been for most a part of their life that was never given any thought. Water supply systems, even at the home can be easily abused and polluted without even knowing, until it is too late and an illness is caused.

A environment friendly and healthy way of gardening. Organic Gardening is away of gardening in harmony with nature. Growing a healthy and productive crop in a way that is healthier for both you and the environment.

John Yazo


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How Safe Is Your Home’s Well Water?

By Tom Ribe

Some 43 million Americans rely on domestic water wells for drinking water, about 15 percent of the population. A long term study by the US Geologic Survey recently found contaminants in many wells. The study points to a need for everyone with water wells to test and filter their water, especially if wells are located near agricultural areas, mines, or homes with septic systems.

US Geologic Survey scientists tested water in 2100 private wells in 48 states from about half the nation’s principal aquifers, or underground reservoirs of water. The study found that 23% of those wells had one or more contaminant above levels considered safe for human health by the Environmental Protection Agency.

Most of the contaminants found in groundwater wells were chemicals that come from the breakdown of rock underground. These include radon, arsenic, nitrates (probably from farm fertilizers), and flouride. Radioactive elements like radon, strontium, and uranium were found in less than 10% of wells, especially in areas where uranium exists underground.

Bacteria were found in about a third of the wells sampled including E-coli, a bacteria that indicates that human or animal sewage is probably mixing into the underground water. Septic systems can leach bacteria into well water as can large factory farms like dairies, hog raising farms, egg farms, and feedlots which all produce huge quantities of manure. To date the government has weak regulations for factory farm waste.

“The quality and safety of water from domestic wells are not regulated by the Safe Drinking Water Act or, in many cases, by state laws. Rather, individual homeowners are responsible for maintaining their domestic well systems and for any routine monitoring,” said Leslie A. DeSimone of the National Ground Water Association.

Even the Safe Drinking Water Act, a law dating from the 1970s, does not regulate thousands of chemicals found in drinking water today. The USGS used the list of regulated chemicals from that law as a basis for this study so it may not have detected many possibly toxic chemicals.

Protecting Ourselves

If you own a private well, or if you are on a community well with your neighbors, it’s worth having your water tested by a reputable lab to see what sorts of contaminants are in it. Since some contaminants can evaporate from hot water in your shower, you may want to filter the water coming into your home from the well so that washing water, drinking water and cooking supplies are all purified.

Whole house water purification systems can be installed on the pipes entering your house. Click the link below to learn about these sorts of systems and water testing.

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Does your water taste odd? Do you need well water pump or treatment services? For all water treatment services “Look No Further, Look to Amber Pump & Water Treatment, LLC” Call 315 636-8211 or 315 727-4644 Bryan Wolf in the Syracuse, New York area & CNY residential and commercial service.
Well Water Treatment

Home Well Water Treatment

By David Cassell

With all the contaminates in the water table, a home well water treatment system is the best option for ensuring clean, safe drinking water. Several options are available, dependent upon your needs. having your water tested is the first step. When you receive the results, do your homework on the actual findings. Some wells have been contaminated by runoff from agriculture in the form of pesticides, animal antibiotics, steroids and even E.Coli bacteria. There may be heavy metals and arsenic present, which are very dangerous even at trace amounts over a long period of time. Knowing what’s in the water is half the battle, you still need to find the best way to remove these harmful elements.

In the case of bacteria and medicines, reverse osmosis is the accepted course of water treatment, coupled with ultra violet and several filtration steps. The water goes through an initial filter to remove sediment and mineral deposits, then is hit with ultra violet to kill bacteria. This water is then forced through a membrane that filters out microscopic impurities. Then the water is filtered again, and in some cases another time after that. The cost of these treatment units is outweighed by the cost of drilling a new well, which could tap into the same problem water. That is, of course, for extremely bad water. If you only have hard water, a filter at the source could be the ideal home well water treatment system for your family. They remove rust and mineral deposits, and have replaceable carbon filter cartridges.

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Does your water taste odd? Do you need well water pump or treatment services? For all water treatment services “Look No Further, Look to Amber Pump & Water Treatment, LLC” Call 315 636-8211 or 315 727-4644 Bryan Wolf in the Syracuse, New York area & CNY residential and commercial service.
Well Water Treatment