By Alex Trem
Reasons to Use Water Softeners – Water is composed of different minerals that are quite healthy and needed for our overall well being. In this case, this article is about when water contains too much calcium and magnesium. When it contains a significant amount of these, the dissolved minerals build up in pipes and other appliances that water runs through. This is known to clog pipes and complicate soap and detergent dissolving in water. Water softening is a technique that removes ions that cause the water to be hard mainly, lessening the amount of calcium and magnesium present in water to help preserve your home’s plumbing!
Water that contains a certain degree of calcium and magnesium is known as hard water, this quality of water is known as water hardness.
Two Important Solutions – Regular Water Softeners vs Salt Free Water Softeners
Conventional softeners require two separate tanks; the resin tank and the brine tank, the use of ion-exchange process to remove ions such as calcium and magnesium. The water flows through a bed of resin “beads” that contain sodium ions, calcium and magnesium ions are attracted to the sodium ions and sticks to them. When there are no more room for additional calcium and magnesium ions, the device temporarily stops and the brine tank releases salt water to flush the resin tank. Theoretically, the water produced by the conventional softeners will have no calcium and magnesium, but additional sodium is present.
Salt free softeners are those which do not use salt (sodium) to remove the calcium and magnesium present in water. The most effective and popular type of salt free water softeners is what is often known as a potassium chloride water softener which means that instead of normally adding salt (sodium) to soften water, potassium added which is proven to be quite healthy even in large amounts.
Below is a scale from the US government that defines the hardness in measurable terms:
Soft contains 0-60mg/L of calcium carbonate
Moderate contains 61-120mg/L of calcium carbonate
Hard contains 121-180mg/L of calcium carbonate
Very Hard contains 181mg/L calcium carbonate or more.
Advantages of Using Salt Free Versions
Water that contains more salt than the norm can cause adverse effects to people that have underlying health conditions such as; people with high blood pressure that requires a controlled amount of salt intake. People with these conditions have to find other sources for drinking water, or other ways to soften water other than adding salt. Salt free water softener reviews report that maintenance cost are higher compared to maintaining a conventional water softener, the potassium pellet (beads) cost twice than salt pellets in some reviews.
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Alex_Trem/565849
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