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By Karina Popa
Perhaps people are familiar with terms such as "hard water" and "soft water". They may be wondering, though, what makes water hard or soft and which of the two are healthier and safer to drink.
It is typical of water to be crystal clear however; it contains some minerals and chemicals. The concentration of some specific minerals causes it to become hard.
Here are the differences between "hard water" and "soft water" plus the advantages and disadvantages of each as well as more information about softening.
The Difference between Hard and Soft Water
Basically, water hardness is determined by the amount of magnesium and calcium present in it. Higher levels of these plus other minerals let H2O become hard.
Water softeners work by lowering the mineral concentration.
Soft water has the tendency to have higher levels of salt or sodium rather then higher concentrations of magnesium and calcium.
Ways to Know If Water Is Hard or Soft
It is hard to tell if water is hard or soft just by merely looking at it. Most of the time, it is the way it feels, and the things it does to appliances like the dishwasher and washing machine that hints if it is hard or soft.
Hard Water Signs
- There is a film felt on the hands after these are washed. This is due to the soap's reaction with calcium that forms soap scum. When using hard water, hands need to be washed for a longer time.
- Spots can be seen on silverware and glasses that come from the dishwasher. These are calcium carbonate deposits.
- Mineral stains surface on clothes that come from the washing machine. Since hard water is harsh, clothes can easily wear out.
- There is lower water pressure because of the mineral deposits left in the pipes. These shrink the pipe's inner diameter and reduce water flow.
Soft Water Signs
- The soap makes a healthy lather when bathing as well as washing clothes and dishes.
- Clothes become cleaner since there are no mineral stains. They will last longer because there will be no damage caused by wear and tear.
- There will be right water pressure in the household.
- Though drinking water has some sort of sodium taste, in most cases the difference in taste cannot be distinguished.
Disadvantages of Hard Water
Drinking it does not cause any serious health problems.
However, it can make hair and skin dry. Washing hair often with it can make the scalp feel itchy.
Hard minerals contain minerals that can change the skin's pH balance, making it prone to harmful bacteria and infections. This is especially true with people who have eczema.
If hard water causes dry skin and hair problems, a water-softening system can be considered for the home. If this is not possible, affected people can consult a dermatologist regarding skin moisturizers and hair products that can be used to address these harsh effects.
Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Karina_Popa/1432444
Read More: How Drinking More Water Can Help Your Health